Surah Qari'ah in Arabic with English Transliteration and Translation

101. Al-Qari’ah (The Sudden Calamity) – القارعة

Al-Qari’ah is the 101st surah (chapter) of the Qur’an. It consists of 11 ayat (verses) that were all revealed in Mecca. Al-Qari’ah is an early Meccan surah, most probably revealed after surah 95 (At-Tin).


بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

Surah Al-Qariah Ayat 1

الْقَارِعَةُ

Al qaari’ah

1. OH, the sudden calamity!1


1 I.e., the coming of the Last Hour, which will involve a terrifying transformation of the world (see note 63 on Surah Ibrahim [14]: 48 and note 90 on Surah TaHa [20]: 105-107).


Surah Al-Qariah Ayat 2

مَا الْقَارِعَةُ

Mal qaariah

2. How awesome the sudden calamity!


Surah Al-Qariah Ayat 3

وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْقَارِعَةُ

Wa maa adraaka mal qaari’ah

3. And what could make thee conceive what that sudden calamity will be?


Surah Al-Qariah Ayat 4

يَوْمَ يَكُونُ النَّاسُ كَالْفَرَاشِ الْمَبْثُوثِ

Yauma ya koonun naasu kal farashil mabthooth

4. [It will occur] on the Day when men will be like moths swarming in confusion,


Surah Al-Qariah Ayat 5

وَتَكُونُ الْجِبَالُ كَالْعِهْنِ الْمَنْفُوشِ

Wa ta koonul jibalu kal ‘ihnil manfoosh

5. and the mountains will be like fluffy tufts of wool….


Surah Al-Qariah Ayat 6

فَأَمَّا مَنْ ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ

Fa-amma man thaqulat mawa zeenuh

6. And then, he whose weight [of good deeds] is heavy in the balance


Surah Al-Qariah Ayat 7

فَهُوَ فِي عِيشَةٍ رَاضِيَةٍ

Fahuwa fee ‘ishatir raadiyah

7. shall find himself in a happy’ state of life;


Surah Al-Qariah Ayat 8

وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَفَّتْ مَوَازِينُهُ

Wa amma man khaffat mawa zeenuh

8. whereas he whose weight is light in the balance


Surah Al-Qariah Ayat 9

فَأُمُّهُ هَاوِيَةٌ

Fa-ummuhu haawiyah

9. shall be engulfed by an abyss.2


2 Lit., “his mother [i.e., goal] will be an abyss”, sc., of suffering and despair. The term “mother” (umm) is used idiomatically to denote something that embraces or enfolds.


Surah Al-Qariah Ayat 10

وَمَا أَدْرَاكَ مَا هِيَهْ

Wa maa adraaka maa hiyah

10. And what could make thee conceive what that [abyss] will be?


Surah Al-Qariah Ayat 11

نَارٌ حَامِيَةٌ

Naarun hamiyah

11. A fire hotly burning!3


3 Lit., “hot fire”, the adjective meant to stress the essential quality of fire. It should be borne in mind that all Qur’anic descriptions of the sinner’s suffering in the hereafter are metaphors or allegories relating to situations and conditions which can be understood only by means of comparisons with physical phenomena lying within the range of human experience (see Al-Mutashabihat)


Source: The Message of the Quran by Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss)