Al-Lail is the 92nd surah (chapter) of Al-Qur’an. It consists of 21 ayat (verses) that were all revealed in Mecca.
UNANIMOUSLY regarded as one of the very early revelations—most probably the ninth in the chronological order—the surah derives its name from the mention of “the night” in the first verse.
بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 1
وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا يَغْشَىٰ
Wallaili izaa yaghshaa
1. CONSIDER the night as it veils [the earth] in darkness,
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 2
وَالنَّهَارِ إِذَا تَجَلَّىٰ
Wannahaari izaa tajalla
2. and the day as it rises bright!
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 3
وَمَا خَلَقَ الذَّكَرَ وَالْأُنْثَىٰ
Wa maa khalaqaz zakara wal unthaa
3. Consider the creation of the male and the female!1
1 Lit., “Consider that which has created [or “creates”] the male and the female”, i.e., the elements which are responsible for the differentiation between male and female. This, together with the symbolism of night and day, darkness and light, is an allusion—similar to the first ten verses of the preceding surah—to the polarity evident in all nature and, hence, to the dichotomy (spoken of in the next verse) which characterizes man’s aims and motives.
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 4
إِنَّ سَعْيَكُمْ لَشَتَّىٰ
Inna sa’yakum lashattaa
4. Verily, [O men,] you aim at most divergent ends!2
2 I.e., at good and bad ends (cf. note 6 on Surah Ash-Shams : 8)—sc., “and so the consequences of your doings are, of necessity, divergent”.
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 5
فَأَمَّا مَنْ أَعْطَىٰ وَاتَّقَىٰ
Fa ammaa man a’taa wattaqaa
5. Thus, as for him who gives [to others] and is conscious of God,
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 6
Wa saddaqa bil husnaa
6. and believes in the truth of the ultimate good3—
3 I.e., in moral values independent of time and social circumstance and, hence, in the absolute validity of what may be described as “the moral imperative”.
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 7
Fasanu yassiruhoo lilyusraa
7. for him shall We make easy the path towards [ultimate] ease.4
4 See note 6 on Surah Al-A’la : 8.
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 8
وَأَمَّا مَنْ بَخِلَ وَاسْتَغْنَىٰ
Wa ammaa man bakhila wastaghnaa
8. But as for him who is niggardly, and thinks that he is self-sufficient,5
5 Cf. Surah Al-‘Alaq [96}: 6-7.
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 9
Wa kazzaba bil husnaa
9. and calls the ultimate good a lie—
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 10
Fasanu yassiruhoo lil’usraa
10. for him shall We make easy the path towards hardship:
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 11
وَمَا يُغْنِي عَنْهُ مَالُهُ إِذَا تَرَدَّىٰ
Wa maa yughnee ‘anhu maaluhooo izaa taraddaa
11. and what will his wealth avail him when he goes down [to his grave]?6
6 Or (as a statement): “of no avail will be to him his wealth when he…”, etc.
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 12
إِنَّ عَلَيْنَا لَلْهُدَىٰ
Inna ‘alainaa lal hudaa
12. BEHOLD, it is indeed for Us to grace [you] with guidance;
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 13
وَإِنَّ لَنَا لَلْآخِرَةَ وَالْأُولَىٰ
Wa inna lanaa lal Aakhirata wal oolaa
13. and, behold, Ours is [the dominion over] the life to come as well as [over] this earlier part [of your life]:7
7 This statement is meant to stress the fact that man’s life in this world and in the hereafter are but two stages of one continuous entity.
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 14
فَأَنْذَرْتُكُمْ نَارًا تَلَظَّىٰ
Fa anzartukum naaran talazzaa
14. and so I warn you of the raging fire—
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 15
لَا يَصْلَاهَا إِلَّا الْأَشْقَى
Laa yaslaahaaa illal ashqaa
15. [the fire] which none shall have to endure but that most hapless wretch
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 16
الَّذِي كَذَّبَ وَتَوَلَّىٰ
Allazee kazzaba wa tawallaa
16. who gives the lie to the truth and turns away [from it].
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 17
Wa sa yujannnabuhal atqaa
17. For, distant from it shall remain he who is truly conscious of God:
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 18
الَّذِي يُؤْتِي مَالَهُ يَتَزَكَّىٰ
Allazee yu’tee maalahoo yatazakkaa
18. he that spends his possessions [on others] so that he might grow in purity—
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 19
وَمَا لِأَحَدٍ عِنْدَهُ مِنْ نِعْمَةٍ تُجْزَىٰ
Wa maa li ahadin ‘indahoo min ni’matin tujzaaa
19. not as payment for favours received,8
8 Lit., “no one having with him any favour to be repaid”. In its widest sense, projected towards the future, the phrase implies also the expectation of a reward.
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 20
إِلَّا ابْتِغَاءَ وَجْهِ رَبِّهِ الْأَعْلَىٰ
Illab tighaaa’a wajhi rabbihil a ‘laa
20. but only out of a longing for the countenance of his Sustainer, the All-Highest:
Surah Al-Lail Ayat 21
Wa lasawfa yardaa
21. and such, indeed, shall in time be well-pleased.
Source: The Message of the Quran by Muhammad Asad