Al-Inshiqaq is the 84th surah (chapter) of The Holy Qur’an. It consists of 25 ayat (verses) that were all revealed in Mecca.
IN THE chronological order, this surah comes immediately after surah 82 (Al-Infitar) and, hence, is probably one of the last Meccan revelations.
بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 1
إِذَا السَّمَاءُ انْشَقَّتْ
Izas samaaa’un shaqqat
1. WHEN THE SKY is split asunder,1
1 I.e., at the coming of the Last Hour and the beginning of a new reality, both in fact and in man’s perception.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 2
وَأَذِنَتْ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتْ
Wa azinat li Rabbihaa wa huqqat
2. obeying its Sustainer, as in truth it must;
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 3
وَإِذَا الْأَرْضُ مُدَّتْ
Wa izal ardu muddat
3. and when the earth is leveled,2
2 See Surah TaHa : 105-107.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 4
وَأَلْقَتْ مَا فِيهَا وَتَخَلَّتْ
Wa alqat maa feehaa wa takhallat
4. and casts forth whatever is in it, and becomes utterly void,3
3 I.e., loses all its reality.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 5
وَأَذِنَتْ لِرَبِّهَا وَحُقَّتْ
Wa azinat li Rabbihaa wa huqqat
5. obeying its Sustainer, as in truth it must—:
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 6
يَا أَيُّهَا الْإِنْسَانُ إِنَّكَ كَادِحٌ إِلَىٰ رَبِّكَ كَدْحًا فَمُلَاقِيهِ
Yaaa ayyuhal insaanu innaka kaadihun ilaa Rabbika kad han famulaaqeeh
6. [then,] O man—thou [that] hast, verily, been toiling towards thy Sustainer in painful toil4—then shalt thou meet Him!
4 An allusion to the fact that in man’s earthly life—irrespective of whether one is consciously aware of it or not—sorrow, pain, drudgery and worry by far outweigh the rare moments of true happiness and satisfaction. Thus, the human condition is described as “painful toiling towards the Sustainer”—i.e., towards the moment when one meets Him on resurrection.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 7
فَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ
Fa ammaa man ootiya kitaabahoo biyameenih
7. And as for him whose record shall be placed in his right hand,5
5 I.e., whose behaviour in life characterizes him as “righteous”: see note 12 on Surah Al-Haqqah : 19.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 8
فَسَوْفَ يُحَاسَبُ حِسَابًا يَسِيرًا
Fasawfa yuhaasabu hi saabai yaseeraa
8. he will in time be called to account with an easy accounting,
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 9
وَيَنْقَلِبُ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ مَسْرُورًا
Wa yanqalibu ilaaa ahlihee masrooraa
9. and will [be able to] turn joyfully to those of his own kind.6
6 Lit., “his people”—i.e., those who, like him, were righteous in life.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 10
وَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ وَرَاءَ ظَهْرِهِ
Wa ammaa man ootiya kitaabahoo waraaa’a zahrih
10. But as for him whose record shall be given to him behind his back;7
7 At first glance, this seems to contrast with Surah Al-Haqqah : 25, where it is stated that the record of the unrighteous “shall be placed in his left hand”. In reality, however; the present formulation alludes to the sinner’s horror at his record, and his wish that he had never been shown it (Al-Haqqah : 25-26): in other words, his not wanting to see it is symbolized by its appearance “behind his back”.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 11
فَسَوْفَ يَدْعُو ثُبُورًا
Fasawfa yad’oo subooraa
11. he will in time pray for utter destruction:
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 12
Wa yaslaa sa’eeraa
12. but he will enter the blazing flame.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 13
إِنَّهُ كَانَ فِي أَهْلِهِ مَسْرُورًا
Innahoo kaana feee ahlihee masrooraa
13. Behold, [in his earthly life] he lived joyfully among people of his own kind8—
8 Lit., “his people” i.e., people of the same sinful inclinations. (Cf. note 14 on Surah Al-Qiyamah : 33.)
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 14
إِنَّهُ ظَنَّ أَنْ لَنْ يَحُورَ
Innahoo zanna al lai yahoor
14. for, behold, he never thought that he would have to return [to God].
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 15
بَلَىٰ إِنَّ رَبَّهُ كَانَ بِهِ بَصِيرًا
Balaaa inna Rabbahoo kaana bihee baseeraa
15. Yea indeed! His Sustainer did see all that was in him!
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 16
فَلَا أُقْسِمُ بِالشَّفَقِ
Falaaa uqsimu bishshafaq
16. BUT NAY! I call to witness the sunset’s [fleeting] afterglow,
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 17
وَاللَّيْلِ وَمَا وَسَقَ
Wallaili wa maa wasaq
17. and the night, and what it [step by step] unfolds,
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 18
وَالْقَمَرِ إِذَا اتَّسَقَ
Walqamari izat tasaq
18. and the moon, as it grows to its fullness:9
9 Thus God “calls to witness” the fact that nothing in His creation is ever at a standstill, since everything moves unceasingly from one state of being into another, at every moment changing its aspect and its condition: a phenomenon aptly described by the Greek philosopher Heraclitus by the phrase panta rhei (“everything is in flux”).
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 19
لَتَرْكَبُنَّ طَبَقًا عَنْ طَبَقٍ
Latarkabunna tabaqan ‘an tabaq
19. [even thus, O men,] are you bound to move; onward from stage to stage.10
10 Or: “from one state to another state” (Zamakhshari): i.e., in an unceasing progression—conception, birth, growth, decline, death and, finally, resurrection.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 20
فَمَا لَهُمْ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ
Famaa lahum laa yu’minoon
20. What, then, is amiss with them that they will not believe [in a life to come]?11—
11 Since the inexorable movement of all that exists from stage to stage or from one condition into another corresponds to a fundamental law evident in all creation, it is unreasonable to assume that man alone should be an exception, and that his onward movement should cease at the moment of his bodily death, not to be followed by a change-over into another state of being.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 21
وَإِذَا قُرِئَ عَلَيْهِمُ الْقُرْآنُ لَا يَسْجُدُونَ
Wa izaa quri’a ‘alaihimul Quraanu laa yasjudoon
21. and [that], when the Qur’an is read unto them, they do not fall down in prostration?12
12 I.e., seeing how consistently it stresses the divine law of unceasing change and progression in all that exists.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 22
بَلِ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا يُكَذِّبُونَ
Balil lazeena kafaroo yukazziboon
22. Nay, but they who are bent on denying the truth give the lie [to this divine writ]!13
13 Namely, their unwillingness to admit their responsibility to a Supreme Being.
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 23
وَاللَّهُ أَعْلَمُ بِمَا يُوعُونَ
Wallaahu a’lamu bimaa yoo’oon
23. Yet God has full knowledge of what they conceal [in their hearts].
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 24
فَبَشِّرْهُمْ بِعَذَابٍ أَلِيمٍ
Fabashshirhum bi’azaabin aleem
24. Hence, give them the tiding of grievous suffering [in the life to come]—
Surah Al-Inshiqaq Ayat 25
إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ لَهُمْ أَجْرٌ غَيْرُ مَمْنُونٍ
Illal lazeena aamanoo wa ‘amilus saalihaati lahum ajrun ghairu mamnoon
25. unless it be such [of them] as [repent, and] attain to faith, and do good works: for theirs shall be a reward unending!
Source: The Message of the Quran by Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss)