Surah Ikhlas in Arabic with English Transliteration and Translation

112. Al-Ikhlas (The Declaration of [God’s] Perfection) – الإخلاص

Al-Ikhlas is the 112th surah (chapter) of the Quran. It consists of 4 ayat (verses) that seems to have been revealed in the early part of the Mecca period.

AS REPORTED in a great number of authentic Traditions, the Prophet was wont to describe this surah as “equivalent to one-third of the whole Qur’an” (Bukhari, Muslim, Ibn Hanbal, Abu Da’ud, Nasa’i, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah).

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

Surah Al-Ikhlas Ayat 1

قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ

Qul huwal laahu ahad

1. SAY: “He is the One God:

Surah Al-Ikhlas Ayat 2

اللَّهُ الصَّمَدُ

Allah hus-samad

2. “God the Eternal, the Uncaused Cause of All Being.1

1 This rendering gives no more than an approximate meaning of the term as-samad, which occurs in the Qur’an only once, and is applied to God alone. It comprises the concepts of Primary Cause and eternal, independent Being, combined with the idea that everything existing or conceivable goes back to Him as its source and is therefore, dependent on Him for its beginning as well as for its continued existence.

Surah Al-Ikhlas Ayat 3

لَمْ يَلِدْ وَلَمْ يُولَدْ

Lam yalid wa lam yoolad

3. “He begets not, and neither is He begotten;

Surah Al-Ikhlas Ayat 4

وَلَمْ يَكُنْ لَهُ كُفُوًا أَحَدٌ

Wa lam yakul-lahoo kufuwan ahad

4. “and there is nothing that could be compared with Him.”2

2 Cf. note 2 on Surah Fajr [89]: 3, as well as Surah Maryam [19], note 77. The fact that God is one and unique in every respect, without beginning and without end, has its logical correlate in the statement that “there is nothing that could be compared with Him”—thus precluding any possibility of describing or defining Him (see note 88 on ayat 100 Surah An’am [6]). Consequently, the quality of His Being is beyond the range of human comprehension or imagination: which also explains why any attempt at “depicting” God by means of figurative representations or even abstract symbols must be qualified as a blasphemous denial of the truth.

Source: The Message of the Quran by Muhammad Asad (Leopold Weiss)