Surah Duha in Arabic with English Transliteration and Translation

93. Ad-Duha (The Bright Morning Hours) – الضحى

Ad-Duha is the 93rd surah (chapter) of Al-Qur’an. It consists of 11 ayat (verses) that were all revealed in Mecca.

IT IS SAID that after surah 89 (Surah Al-Fajr) was revealed, some time elapsed during which the Prophet did not receive any revelation, and that his opponents in Mecca taunted him on this score, saying, “Thy God has forsaken and scorned thee!”—whereupon the present surah was revealed. Whether or not we accept this somewhat doubtful story, there is every reason to assume that the surah as such, although in the first instance addressed to the Prophet, has a far wider purport: it concerns—and is meant to console—every faithful man and woman suffering from the sorrows and bitter hardships which so often afflict the good and the innocent, and which sometimes cause even the righteous to question God’s transcendental justice.

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ

Surah Ad-Duha Ayat 1


Wad duhaa

1. CONSIDER the bright morning hours,

Surah Ad-Duha Ayat 2

وَاللَّيْلِ إِذَا سَجَىٰ

Wal laili iza sajaa

2. and the night when it grows still and dark.1

1 The expression “bright morning hours” apparently symbolizes the few and widely-spaced periods of happiness in human life, as contrasted with the much greater length of “the night when it grows still and
dark”, i.e., the extended periods of sorrow or suffering that, as a rule, overshadow man’s existence in this
world (cf. Surah Al-Balad [90]: 4). The further implication is that, as sure as morning follows night, God’s mercy is bound to lighten every suffering, either in this world or in the life to come—for God has “willed
upon Himself the law of grace and mercy” (Surah Al-An’am [6]: 12 and 54).

Surah Ad-Duha Ayat 3

مَا وَدَّعَكَ رَبُّكَ وَمَا قَلَىٰ

Ma wad da’aka rabbuka wa ma qalaa

3. Thy Sustainer has not forsaken thee, nor does He scorn thee:2

2 Sc., “as the thoughtless might conclude in view of the suffering that He has willed thee to bear”.

Surah Ad-Duha Ayat 4

وَلَلْآخِرَةُ خَيْرٌ لَكَ مِنَ الْأُولَىٰ

Walal-aakhiratu khairul laka minal-oola

4. for, indeed, the life to come will be better for thee than this earlier part [of thy life]!

Surah Ad-Duha Ayat 5

وَلَسَوْفَ يُعْطِيكَ رَبُّكَ فَتَرْضَىٰ

Wa la sawfa y’uteeka rabbuka fatarda

5. And, indeed, in time will thy Sustainer grant thee [what thy heart desires], and thou shalt be well-pleased.

Surah Ad-Duha Ayat 6

أَلَمْ يَجِدْكَ يَتِيمًا فَآوَىٰ

Alam ya jidka yateeman fa aawaa

6. Has He not found thee an orphan, and given thee shelter?3

3 Possibly an allusion to the fact that Muhammad was born a few months after his father’s death, and that
his mother died when he was only six years old. Apart from this, however, every human being is an “orphan” in one sense or another, inasmuch as everyone is “created in a lonely state” (cf. Surah Al-An’am [6]: 94), and “will appear before Him on Resurrection Day in a lonely state” (Surah Maryam [19]: 95).

Surah Ad-Duha Ayat 7

وَوَجَدَكَ ضَالًّا فَهَدَىٰ

Wa wa jadaka daal lan fahada

7. And found thee lost on thy way, and guided thee?

Surah Ad-Duha Ayat 8

وَوَجَدَكَ عَائِلًا فَأَغْنَىٰ

Wa wa jadaka ‘aa-ilan fa aghnaa

8. And found thee in want, and given thee sufficiency?

Surah Ad-Duha Ayat 9

فَأَمَّا الْيَتِيمَ فَلَا تَقْهَرْ

Fa am mal yateema fala taqhar

9. Therefore, the orphan shalt thou never wrong,

Surah Ad-Duha Ayat 10

وَأَمَّا السَّائِلَ فَلَا تَنْهَرْ

Wa am mas saa-ila fala tanhar

10. and him that seeks [thy] help shalt thou never chide,4

4 The term sa’il denotes” literally, “one who asks”, which signifies not only a “beggar” but anyone who
asks for help in a difficult situation, whether physical or moral, or even for enlightenment.

Surah Ad-Duha Ayat 11

وَأَمَّا بِنِعْمَةِ رَبِّكَ فَحَدِّثْ

Wa amma bi ni’mati rabbika fahad dith

11. and of thy Sustainer’s blessings shalt thou [ever] speak.5

5 Sc., “rather than of thy suffering”.

Source: The Message of the Quran by Muhammad Asad