Isra` Mi’raj – The Night Journey

Isra` Mi’raj – The Night Journey

THE PROPHET’S “Night Journey” (isra`) from Mecca to Jerusalem and his subsequent “Ascension” (mi’raj) to heaven are, in reality, two stages of one mystic experience, dating almost exactly one year before the exodus to Medina (cf. Ibn Sa’d I/I, 143). According to various well-documented Traditions—extensively quoted and discussed by Ibn Kathir in his commentary on…

Al-Muqatta’at – “Disjointed Letters” in the Qur’an

Al-Muqatta’at – “Disjointed Letters” in the Qur’an

ABOUT one-quarter of the Qur’anic surahs are preceded by mysterious letter-symbols called muqatta’at (“disjointed letters”) or, occasionally, fawatih (“openings”) because they appear at the beginning of the relevant surahs. Out of the twenty-eight letters of the Arabic alphabet, exactly one-half that is, fourteen—occur in this position, either singly or in varying combinations of two, three,…

Al-Mutashabihat – Symbolism and Allegory in the Qur’an

Al-Mutashabihat – Symbolism and Allegory in the Qur’an

WHEN studying the Qur’an, one frequently encounters what may be described as “key-phrases” that is to say, statements which provide a clear, concise indication of the idea underlying a particular passage or passages: for instance, the many references to the creation of man “out of dust” and “out of a drop of sperm”, pointing to…

114. An-Nas (Men) – الناس

114. An-Nas (Men) – الناس

An-Nas is the last surah (chapter 114) of the holy Quran. It consists of 6 ayat (verses) that were revealed in Mecca. SEE introductory note to the preceding surah (Al-Falaq), with which this one is closely connected. بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ Surah An-Nas Ayat 1 قُلْ أَعُوذُ بِرَبِّ النَّاسِ Qul a’oozu birabbin naas 1. SAY:…

112. Al-Ikhlas (The Declaration of [God’s] Perfection) – الإخلاص

112. Al-Ikhlas (The Declaration of [God’s] Perfection) – الإخلاص

Al-Ikhlas is the 112th surah (chapter) of the Quran. It consists of 4 ayat (verses) that seems to have been revealed in the early part of the Mecca period. AS REPORTED in a great number of authentic Traditions, the Prophet was wont to describe this surah as “equivalent to one-third of the whole Qur’an” (Bukhari,…

109. Al-Kafirun (Those Who Deny The Truth) – الكافرون

109. Al-Kafirun (Those Who Deny The Truth) – الكافرون

Al-Kafirun is the 109th surah (chapter) of the Quran. It consists of 6 ayat (verses) that were all revealed in Mecca, shortly after surah Ma’un [107]. بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ Surah Al-Kafirun Ayat 1 قُلْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْكَافِرُونَ Qul yaaa-ayyuhal kaafiroon 1. SAY: “O you who deny the truth! Surah Al-Kafirun Ayat 2 لَا أَعْبُدُ…